5yue6ri,hanguoshichangdiaoyanjigousne researchfabudonglidianchibaogaoxianshi,jinniandiyijidu,quanqiudiandongqichedonglidianchizhuangjiliangguanjunyizhu,hanguolghuaxuededonglidianchizhuangjiliangchaoguozhongguoningdeshidai、ribensongxiadianchi。

  “jinnianyilaidedonglidianchixingye,bujinyanxulejingzhengjiajudetaishi,erqieshoudaoyiqingdengyinsuyingxiang,liangjifenhua。”zhongguodianchigongyexiehuizhuanzhifulishizhangwangjingzhongxiang《zhongguoqichebao》jizhebiaoshi,shichangfenedaibiaozhexingyejingzhengli,zheishishichangjingzhengdejieguo。

  排名变化 企业争霸

  hanguoshichangdiaoyanjigousne researchgongbudebaogaoxianshi,diyijiduquanqiudiandongqichedonglidianchizhuangjiliangzhong,lghuaxueshichangfenewei27.1%,diermingsongxiashichangfenewei25.7%;lianxuliangnianduodeguanjunningdeshidaiyi17.4%defeneluozhidisanwei。

满堂彩  “donglidianchiyuxinnengyuanqichedefazhanmibukefen。”beijingdaxuexinnengyuancailiaoyujishushiyanshizhurenqilugaosu《zhongguoqichebao》jizhe。6nianlai,quanqiuxinnengyuanqichexiaoliangzengzhangjin11bei。2011nianyilai,yitesila、biyadidengweidaibiaodexinnengyuanqicheqiyegaosufazhan,quanqiuxinnengyuanqichexiaoliangcong2013niande20.2wanliangshangshengzhi2019niande221wanliang。

  dangqian,quanqiudonglidianchixingyedaxingqiyejizhongzaizhongrihansanguo。2019nianqian10weiqiyedonglidianchichuhuoliangyue101.3gwh,zhongguo、riben、hanguoqiyeshuliangfenbiewei4jia、3jia、3jia。qizhong,ningdeshidai2019nianchuhuoliangyue32.5gwh。

满堂彩  diyijidudonglidianchizhuangjiliangtongbizengzhangchaoguo153%delghuaxuecaiyongdiepianshiruanbaosanyuanncmdianchi,shidianxingde“sanmingzhi”cengzhuangduileijiegou,qubieyufangxingyingqiaoheyuanzhudianchixingtai。ruanbaodianchixiangduigangqiaolvqiaodianchi,anquanxinghao,qianzainengliangmidugao,tongshidiepianshiruanbaodianchizaijuanraoshiruanbaodianchidejichushangzengjialejipianhoudu,tigaolexingzhuangwendingxing,xingchengneizuxiao、jingjiunaiyongdeyoushi,danshishengchanyizhixingjiaocha,daozhichengbenzengjia。dangqian,lghuaxuefenbiezaimeiguomixiegen、hanguowucang、bolanfuluociwafuhezhongguonanjingjianyousijiadianchichang,yujili、tongyongnichenglihezigongsishengchandonglidianchi。nanjinggongchangdezhongyaokehuweitesila,bolangongchangdekehuweidazhong、aodi、jiebaodengouzhoukehu。suizhezhongguo、bolangongchangdechanliangzhubufangliang,lghuaxuejihua2020nianquanqiudonglilidianchishengchannenglikuodadao100gwh。

满堂彩  lghuaxueyeyounanyanzhiyin。2020niandiyijidulghuaxuedianchibumenxiaoshouewei2.26wanyihanyuan,yingyekuisun518yihanyuan。yinci,qidianchiyewuchaifenshangshidejihuabeiwuxianyanqi。

满堂彩  songxiadonglidianchichanpintongyangyutesilaguanxishenhou,qidonglidianchicaiyongniegulvsuanli(nca)luxian,bingyi18650he21700yuanzhudianchiwenming。dangjingzhengduishou2013nianzuolinsuantielidianchiyuncm111shi,tesilahesongxiayijingzheshoushiyongncasanyuandianchi。dangjingzhengduishou2017niankaishiyoudiniecailiaoguodudaoncm622/ncm811gaoniezhengjicailiaoshi,tesilahesongxiatansuogenggaonengliangmidudeguitanfujiyingyong。tesilahesongxiayizhijianchishiyongncazuoweidianxinzhengjicailiao,bingbuduantigaoniehanliang、jiangdiguhanliang。duibizuixinmodel 3yuroadsterliangkuanqiche,tesilapingjunmeikuancheguhanliangjiangdiyue60%。genjutesilazuixingonggao,model 3dedianxinnengliangmiduchaoguoqitarenheyikuanjingpinsuoshiyongdedianxin,qiguhanliangdiyuzhuliudianxinzhizaochangjijiangliangchandexiayidaincm811dianxinchanpin。suizheduidianchilijiedejinyibushenru,tesilayusongxiagongtongyanfalexinxingyuanzhudianxin,jimodel 3shangshiyongde21700yuanzhuxingdianchi。xiangbi18650dianchi,qitijigengda,chengzuhouyouyudianxinshuliangjianshao,gengyiguankong,dantinengliangmidutigaodao340wh/kg。

满堂彩  2015nianzhi2019niansongxiadianchishiyebuyingshouweirenminbi200yizhi300yiyuanrenminbi,zaisongxiazongshouruzhongsuozhanbilicong4.9%zhujiantishengzhi5.56%,zongtibizhongrengjiaoxiao。songxiacong2008niankaishiyutesilahezuo,weitesilaroadster、model shemodel xtigongdianchi。tesiladedianchiguanlixitongbmsnenggoucaiyongjingquedeguanlijishu,jinyibutigaoqiduidianchichengbendekongzhinengli。

  ningdeshidaibenlaijiushihoulaijushangzhe,2012niankaishitanbuhaiwaishichang,yubaomahezuo,baochizhedianchichuhuoliangchixugaozengzhang,yu2017nianguimoju2017nianquanqiudiyiwei;kaifashiyongqianyandectpjishuyijikuayuencm622shixianncm811,liangtiaoluxiantigaodianchinengliangmidu,jishuyanfachengbenzhunianshangsheng,shangxiayouchanyelianquanmianbuju,tigaoleqishangyoucailiaodeyijianengli,gengshiqiyinglinenglixunsutisheng。

  shouyixinnengyuanqichexingyekuaisufazhan,ningdeshidaijinwunianyejibaochigaosuzengzhang。2015nianzhi2019nian,gongsiyingyeshourunianjunfuhezengzhanglvgaoda68.1%;jinglirunnianjunfuhezengzhanglvgaoda47.1%。

满堂彩  ningdeshidaizhuyaochanpinshifangxingyingqiaoncmdianchi,neibucaiyongjuanraoshihuozhediepianshi,duidianxindebaohuzuoyongqiangyuruanbaodianchi。2019niantuichudencm811luxiandianxinnengliangmidudadao260~280wh/kg。ningdeshidaiyoushizaiyudianchibaogongyingliangyaoyaolingxian,zaidianchibaodeshiyongshujushangyouzhejudayoushi。

  yulghuaxuexiangbi,ningdeshidaijinguanshouyiqingyingxiang,zhuangjiliangxiahuayanzhong,danyijidurengshixianyingshou90.31yiyuan,jinglirun7.42yiyuan。jinnian2yue,ningdeshidaiyutesilaqianshulecaigouxieyi,zheiyiweizheningdeshidaisuishiyoukenengdingtilghuaxuechengweitesilazaizhongguoshichangdedonglidianchigongyingshang。ciwai,suizheyiqingzhongxinyouguoneizhuanweiguowai,zhuyaoshichangjizhongzaioumeidelgjiangshenshouyingxiang;yucitongshi,zhongguoguoneidonglidianchiyezaijingshouzhexindekaoyan。

  jinnianqian4geyue,mantangcaiguodonglidianchichanliangleiji13gwh,tongbileijixiajiang52.1%。qizhong,sanyuandianchichanliangleiji8.6gwh,zhanzongchanliangde66.6%,tongbileijixiajiang47.8%。

满堂彩  zheidangranshiyuyijidudeyiqingyingxiangyouguan,danyejierenshirenwei,suizhefugongfuchan,guoneidonglidianchixingyehuozhuan“wei”wei“ji”。cishi,jishuchuangxinduiyukaituoshichang、chijiufazhangengweizhongyao。“donglidianchijishuyaojinbu,yaotigaodianchinengliangmidu,cailiaoxuxianxingyibu。”beijingligongdaxuejiaoshou、zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiwufengrenwei,donglidianchixinjishuyanfademubiao,shijuyouxinxingyizhijiegoudegaobirongliang、gaobeilvfulimengjiwuguyanghuawuzhengjicailiao,haiyoutongguocailiao、gongyichuangxinhuodebironglianghebeilvxingnengshangdeshuangzhonggaishan;fujicailiaofangmianzeyiyoujiguigongyeshengchanguochengzhongchanshengdegongyefeiliaoweiyuancailiao,tongguodaodianjuhewubaoguo,shixianguinamiliziyudaodianderouxingzuzhuang。

满堂彩  keguankandaicicipaiming,jiaotashidijianchizizhuchuangxingengweikegui。youyejiezhuanjiarenwei,zhidezhuyideyigeyinsushi,ningdeshidaideshichangfenecong27.8%xiajiangzhi17.4%,hendayuanyinshishoudaoyijiduyiqingdeyingxiang,yinweiningdeshidai95%deshichangdouzaiguonei,erguojishichangzhiyou5%。suizheguoneiduiyiqingdezhujiankongzhi,mantangcaiguozai3yueyijingkaishifugongfuchan,gexinggeyedouzaizhujianhuifuchanneng。suizheguoneijiakuaifugongfuchan,xinnengyuanqichechanyeliankaishifusu,xinnengyuanqichexiaoshouyejiangzhujianhuinuan。oumeidengdiquqicheshichangshoudaoyiqingyingxiang,jiangkenengchuxianzaidierjidu,yinci,dierjidudedonglidianchipaiminghaiyouhendakenengchuxianxindebianhua。

  洗牌持续 竞争激烈

  jinnianyilai,suizhequanqiudiandongqichejingzhengdejiaju,guoneiwaidedonglidianchixingyejinruyigexindeguaidian。dangqian,quanqiudonglidianchishichangjizhongdubuduantigao,longtouzouxiangyoushituxian。zhuangjiliangqian5deqiyeshizhanlvbuduantisheng,you2017niande58%shangshengdao2019niande75%。erzaiguoneidonglidianchishichang,jinliangniandexipaishangweijieshu,donglidianchiqiyejinlaizaixianpochanzhe。

  5yue9ri,zhejiangshenghuzhoushinantaihuxinqurenminfayuanfabuzhejiangaoyoudonglixitongyouxiangongsi(yixiajiancheng“aoyoudongli”)pochanqingsuangonggao,zheiyixiaoxiweidonglidianchixingyezaitianxindeyoulv。

  buxingchengweijinnianyilailvxiandaoxiazhezhiyideaoyoudongli,qunian1yuezhuangjiliangjuguoneidisanming,qipochanbingfeiouran。chengliyu2016nian11yuedeaoyoudongli,mugongsizhejiangzhixinkonggujituanyouxiangongsi(yixiajiancheng“zhixinkonggu”)chiyou80%degufen。zhengshiyituozhixinkonggudezijinzhichi,2018nian,aoyoudonglishixianxiaoshoushouru6.3yiyuan;2019nianchanneng5gwh,yusuanxiaoshoushouruyue10yiyuan。

  zaichanpinfangmian,aoyoudonglizhuyaoyoulinsuantieli、sanyuanli、mengsuanli、fulimengdengdonglidianchi,youqishiqiyongyoudefulimengdianchi,2018nianzaiguoneilvxiantongguoguojiayanshou,shitigaonengliangmidu、jiangdichengbendexinchanpin。

满堂彩  raner,duimugongsiguofendezijinyilai,quechengweiqinanyizijiude“zuihouyigendaocao”。2019nian7yue,mugongsidezijinlianfashengwenti,daozhiaoyoudonglibeiyuangongtousutuoqiangongzihebaoxiaokuan。2019nian12yue,zhixinkonggushijikongzhirenzhangmoujiangdengrenyinshexianfeifaxishougongzhongcunkuan,zhudongxianghangzhoushigonganjuxihuqufenjutouan。youci,gongkaiyinbaoaoyoudonglidezijinlianduanliezhihuan。yibanqingkuangxia,shejizheileianjian,mugongsidezichanjibeidongjie,zheiduikunjingzhongzhongdeaoyoudonglidezijinzhouzhuanheshengchanbidingchanshengzhongdayingxiang。

  suihou,aoyoudonglidezhuangkuangjizhuanzhixia。fayuangonggaocheng,genjuzhaiquanrenhuzhoujinyuanjianzhugongchengyouxiangongsideshenqing,yu2020nian4yue13rishoulizhaiwurenaoyoudonglipochanqingsuanyian,xiangguanzhaiquanrenyingyu2020nian8yue7riqianxiangaoyoudongliguanlirenshenbaozhaiquan。fayuangonggaohaixianshi,fayuanshoulideshipochanqingsuanshenqing,houqikenengjiangshizhongzhengyixiangtouzirendeqingkuang,genjuxiangguanquanlirendeshenqingshishizhuanweizhongzheng。

  “jinliangniandedonglidianchixipaichaoshangweizhongjie,youqishishichangjiashangyiqingdengyinsuyingxiang,guoneidonglidianchixingyejingzhengxingshigengweiyanjun。”zhongguoqichedonglidianchichanyechuangxinlianmengyimingzhuanjiazaijieshou《zhongguoqichebao》jizhecaifangshibiaoshi,duiyudonglidianchiqiyeeryan,shichangjingzhengyaligengda。

满堂彩  qishi,donglidianchishixinnengyuanqichechanyedeyigezuchengbufen,congxinnengyuanqichechanyezhengtilaikan,jinnianyilaizaoshoujudachongji,yuzhijinmixiangguandedonglidianchiqiyenanyidushanqishen。

  zhongqixiefabudetongjijieguoxianshi,jinnianqian4geyue,xinnengyuanqichechanxiaojunwancheng20.5wanliang,tongbifenbiexiajiang44.8%he43.4%。qizhongchundiandongqichechanxiaojunwancheng15.5wanliang,tongbifenbiexiajiang46.9%he44.6%。zaixinnengyuanqicheshichanghuapo、yalizengdadeqingkuangxia,donglidianchixingyechuxiandeyixiliexinbianhuajiubunanlijiele。

满堂彩  gangganggongbudeyijiducaibaoxianshi,guoneidonglidianchixingyejihurengshi“jiang”zidangtou,huapomingxian。ningdeshidaiyijidushixianyingshou90.3yiyuan,tongbixiajiang9.53%;jinglirunwei7.42yiyuan,tongbixiahua29.14%。biyadiyijiduyingshou196.79yiyuan,tongbixiajiang35%;jinglirun1.13yiyuan,tongbixiajiang84.98%。2019nianguoneidonglidianchizhuangjiliangpaimingdi11mingdepenghuinengyuanyijidushixianyingshou4.45yiyuan,tongbijianshao24.94%;jinglirun2018.25wanyuan,tongbijianshao55.50%。

满堂彩  yixiewaizidonglidianchiqiyedeyijiducaibaoshujuyebingbuleguan。qizhong,lghuaxueyijiduxiaoshoueyuewei7.12wanyihanyuan,tongbishangzhang7.5%,danlirunjinyuewei2365yihanyuan,tongbixiahua15.9%。suiranqidonglidianchizhuangjiliangpaimingshangsheng,dandonglidianchishiyeburengchuxianle518yihanyuandekuisun。weici,lghuaxuebiaoshi,jiangxiadiaodonglidianchixiaoshouyuqi10%~15%。

满堂彩  “donglidianchixingyekeweishi‘neiyouwaihuan’,xinnengyuanqicheshichangdeweisuobiranjinyibujihuadonglidianchishichangdejingzheng。”duici,wangjingzhongrenwei。

  zaixingyejingzhengriyijiliedeqingkuangxia,jinlaiyouyouyixiezhengcheqiyejiarudonglishichangjingzheng。tesilajijinnian2yuebiaoshiyaozijiandianchigongchangzhihou,jinrizaicipuchujiangyuhanguoqiyelianshouzaijiandianchiqiyedexiaoxi。2yue,tesilajiuyizhengshiqidong“roadrunner”donglidianchizichanjihua,shengchanxianweiyumeiguofulimengtejingneidegongchang。liangchanzhihou,tesiladonglidianchichengbenjinxu100meiyuan/kwh。dangqian,weitesilagonghuodesongxiadonglidianchidechengbenyuewei111meiyuan/kwh,erningdeshidaidonglidianchidechengbenzewei150meiyuan/kwh。

  jinri,dazhongqicheyexuanbutouzi4.5yiouyuanjianlilidianchigongchang,yujijinnianneikaigongmantangcai,zuizaojiangyu2023niankaishitouchan,chushichannengwei16gwh。muqiandazhongdezhuyaodianchiyingyonghaishiyikaogongyingshangcaigou,baokuolghuaxue、sanxing、skiyijiningdeshidaideng。jutongji,dazhongdedianchicaigouhetongjinechaoguole400yimeiyuan。ercicitouzimantangcaidelidianchigongchang,zugougongyingdazhongshengchan32wanliangdiandongche。

  duiyudonglidianchiyouqishiguoneidonglidianchiqiyelaishuo,zheixiexiaoxiwuyiyushixueshangjiashuang。duiyuweilairuheyingduixingyejingzheng,yeneiyezaisikao。“lizuxianshi,jujiaoxinjishu、xincailiao、buduankaituoshichang,shiguoneidonglidianchixingyetigaojingzhenglidegenben。”qiluzheiyangrenwei。

  标准为矩 创新领航

  jinnianlai,mantangcaiguodalifazhanxinnengyuanqiche,xiaoliangcong2013niande1.7wanliangtishengdaole2019niande120.6wanliang,qizhong2019niandexiaoliangzhanquanqiuxiaoliangdebilidadaole54.6%,yijingchengweiquanqiuzuidadexinnengyuanqicheshichang。zaicibeijingxia,diandongqichejidonglidianchijixuguojiabiaozhunlaiguifanqijiankangkechixufazhan。

  zhengyinruci,5yue13ri,yougongxinbufabuzuzhizhidingdegb18384-2020《diandongqicheyongdonglixudianchianquanyaoqiu》、gb30381-2020《diandongqicheanquanyaoqiu》hegb38032-2020《diandongkecheanquanyaoqiu》sanxiangguojiabiaozhunyouguojiashichangjianduguanlizongju、guojiabiaozhunhuaguanliweiyuanhuipizhunfabu,jiangyu2021nian1yue1riqikaishishishi。qizhong,《diandongqicheyongdonglixudianchianquanyaoqiu》weidonglidianchitishengchanpinzhiliang、jishuhanliangtigongleguifanhezhiyin。

  “donglidianchiguojiabiaozhundefabu,duiyuchanyeeryanjiushiyouleguijuhebiaochi。”qilurenwei,jinguanguoneidonglidianchishichangjingzhengyiranjilie,dandonglidianchicongchanpinjishudaotuiguangmoshi,guoneiwaishichangyeyouzhegengdadejiyu。

满堂彩  jufenxi,zaiguojifanweinei,diandonghuadejiasuduidonglidianchixuqiugengqiang。oumengtanpaifangzuixinguidingzhichu,dao2021nian,qichezhizaoshangbixujiangpingjunmeiliangchemeigonglitanpaifangliangcong118.5kejiangzhi95ke,budabiaobufenjiangmianlinmeiliangchemeike95ouyuandefakuan,dao2030nianjianggaibiaozhunjinyibushoujindaomeigongli75ketanpaifang。youci,yegengjiamingqueledonglidianchizhuangjizengzhangtaishi,xingyexuqiuhuojiangjinyibuzengzhang。

  jin5niandedonglidianchichanyeyijingjinrubaofaqi,quanqiudonglidianchichuhuoliangcong2013niande13.8gwhshangshengzhi2019niande116.6gwh。zaizhongguoguoneishichang,donglidianchixingyexuqiuyeyinglailedabaofa,2019nianzhuangjiliangdadaole62.38gwh。anzhaozhongguoguihuayaoqiu,2025nianxinnengyuanqichezhanqichechanxiaodadao25%,bingqiezhidingle“shuangjifen”dengzhengce,yujiweilaifazhanxinnengyuanqichejiangshiquanqiugeguodeshouyaoxuanze。suizhejinniankaishiguochantesiladefangliang,yijiouzhouzhuliucheqixinyibodiandongqichexinchanpindetoufang,quanqiudonglidianchishichangjiangyinglaixinyilunjiyuqi。genjuyuce,weilai5nianquanqiudonglidianchixingyejiangchixugaosuzengzhang,2025nianquanqiuzhuangjiliangkeda850gwh、duiyingshichangkongjiankeda6000yiyuan。

  zhiyouzaijishu、zhiliang、channeng、shichangdengfangmianyongyouyoushideqiye,cainenggongguzishendiwei。jinnianlai,quanqiuchuhuoliangpaimingqianshidedianchiqiyezhong,juyouquanqiujingzhenglidezhiyousongxia、lghuaxue、ningdeshidai、sanxingsdi、biyadideng。qizhong,lghuaxueheningdeshidaikehuqunbujujiaoquanmian,lghuaxuejibenfugaihaiwaigaoduancheqi,ningdeshidaizaiguoneishizhanlvchaoguo50%,bingchenggongjinrudazhong、baomadenggaoduangongyinglian;channengqingkuangkan,ningdeshidaihelghuaxuechannengguihuazuiweijiji,sanxingsdijisongxiajunbijiaobaoshou;jishuluxianshang,ningdeshidaidefangxing、lghuaxuederuanbaoshixingyezhuliufazhanfangxiang,ersongxiayuanzhuluxianxiangduixiaozhong;zaiyewudingweifangmian,sanxinghesongxiadonglidianchiyewudingweijunweidajituan、xiaoyewu,cunzaiyidingchengduguanlitixiyongzhong、zhanlvezhongshichengdubugoudewenti。erningdeshidaizhuyeweidonglidianchi、guanlixiangduilinghuo,lghuaxuedonglidianchibankuaizibenkaizhizhanzongkaizhi40%yishang,zhongshichengdujiaogao。

  zaiguonei,ningdeshidai、biyadidengdonglidianchigongyingshangrengyoujiaoqiangjingzhengshili。shujuxianshi,ningdeshidai4yuehejipeitaozhuangji1.81gwh,huanbizengzhang59%,zhanguoneishichangde50%,guoneipaimingdiyi,danmianlindeguoneiwaijingzhengyalitongyangbuxiao。yejiefenxi,yingxiangningdeshidaishichangdiweidejingzhengyinsuzhuyaolaizirihandianchiqiye、guoneibiyadidengqiyechanpindechayihua,haiyoudaiyoucheqibeijingdedianchiqiyedeng。

  zhidezhuyideshi,jinnianyijidu,zhongguoyuanjingnengyuanyouxiangongsiqixiaaescdianchideshichangfeneyousuoshangsheng,congquniantongqide4.4%shengzhijinnianyijidude5.6%,weiliequanqiudiwuwei。yuzhongguoqiyeshougouribenaescdianchixiangfan,jinnian4yue,yejiechuanchudazhongqicheniyi7.4yimeiyuanshougouzhongguodonglidianchiqiyeguoxuangaoke30%gufenbingshixiankonggu,jinguandangshirenshangweiqueren,danzheileishougouwuyiyouliyudonglidianchiqiyedefazhan。

  dangqian,chudazhongqichewai,guoneiyiyoujilidehengyuanxinnengyuan、zhangchengdefengchaonengyuan、biyadidefudidianchidengtuotaiyucheqidedianchiqiye,wuyibushiduidonglidianchishichangdejingzhengyinsu。

满堂彩  donglidianchidenengliangmiduyijiejindangqianxianyoudianchitixidedianfeng,gengxinhuandaipozaimeijie。jinqi,fengchaonengyuandesiyuandianchi、biyadidedaopiandianchi,yijiquanqiufanweineiruhuorutudegutaidianchiyanfarechao,zaiyidingchengdushangfanyinglexingyeduixiayidaidianchijishudekeqiuyutansuo。

满堂彩  tupoxiayidaidonglidianchixingneng、chengben、shouminghenaijiuxing、anquanxinghekekaoxing,jiasushixianzhongguodonglidianchichanyechuangxin,xingchengguojijingzhengli,doushidonglidianchiqiyemianduidexianshiketi。

  “jianchibiaozhunguifan,qianghuachuangxinlinghang,zhiyoudazaoyougengqiangjingzhenglidedonglidianchichanpin,zhuazhushichangjiyu,cainengbuduantuozhanshichangkongjian,zuodazuoqiang。”wangjingzhongrenwei,guoneidonglidianchiqiyezaishichangjingzhengzhongjingliqifuhekaoyan,caihuigengjiazhongshijishuchuangxin,zougaozhiliangfazhanzhilu。